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“Meždunarodnoe pravosudie” (International Justice) Journal

№ 3(19) 2016.Dmitry Krasikov. Collisions and illusions amid the Convention and the Constitution: what does underlie the Russian Constitutional Court’s objection to the European Court of Human Rights?

Dmitry Krasikov - Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) in Law; Head of European and Comparative Law Chair, Saratov State Law Academy.

Collisions and illusions amid the Convention and the Constitution: what does underlie the Russian Constitutional Court’s objection to the European Court of Human Rights?

Abstract. In its Judgment of 19 April 2016 No.12-P the Russian Constitutional Court puts forward and justifies an “objection” towards the European Court of Human Rights relying on certain elaborated by the Constitutional Court conditions for acceptance by the Russian legal system of the ECtHR’s judgments and interpretation of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The present article reflects the results of a research on the issue of what constitutes the basis of this “objection”. It is argued in the article that the Constitutional Court’s line of arguments only creates an illusion of evaluating the possibility of interpretation of the Article 32(3) of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in consistency with the ECtHR’s approach, and that the Constitutional Court’s recourse to the factor of circumstances and conditions of Russia’s accession to the Convention has certain deficiencies in reasoning from the standpoint of law and facts. Additionally, the article identifies the problems of perceiving of the European consensus concept by the Constitutional Court. On the basis of analysis of content of the “objection” towards the ECtHR, an inference is made that to a certain extent it lacks clarity as to the criteria of implementation of the ECtHR’s case-law in the context of the Russian legal system.

Keywords: Anchugov and Gladkov v. Russia; European Court of Human Rights; voting rights of imprisoned persons; consistent interpretation; international obligations of Russia; European consensus.

Citation: Krasikov D. (2016) Konventsionno-konstitutsionnуe kollizii i illyuzii: chto lezhit v osnove vozrazheniya Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossii v adres Evropeyskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka? [Collisions and illusions amid the Convention and the Constitution: what does underlie the Russian Constitutional Court’s objection to the European Court of Human Rights?]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.3, pp.101–117. (In Russian).

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