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“Meždunarodnoe pravosudie” (International Justice) Journal

№ 3(19) 2016. Tatyana Neshataeva. On ambiguous effects of the EAEU bodies’ decisions within national legal systems of the member states

Tatyana Neshataeva - Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor of Law, Head of International Law Department, the Russian State University of Justice; Judge of the Court of the Eura­sian Economic Union, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation.

On ambiguous effects of the EAEU bodies’ decisions within national legal systems of the member states

Abstract.The present article, inspired by the establishing of the Eurasian Economic Union, discusses the intricate questions of effects of supranational legal acts upon and within the national law frameworks. The author demonstrates that the decisions of supranational bodies are effective within the national legal systems without enactment of national laws, what presupposes transfer of the power to establish uniform rules of conduct to the supranational international organization and recognition of this supranational jurisdiction. Special attention is payed to the characteristics of international and supranational courts’ decisions. In this respect, the author, dwelling on her own comparative study, concludes that the decisions made by international courts are of a clearly distinct nature, differing from the decisions of supranational courts: whereas the former are only binding upon the parties of a dispute, the latter are binding upon every member state of a supranational entity – erga omnes. The special character of each of these types of decisions has an impact on the interplay between supranational and national judiciaries. Problems arising from this judicial interference are firstly shown through the history of interaction between the supreme courts of Germany and Italy on one hand and the Court of Justice of the European Union on the other hand. The second illustrative example which the author gives in this respect, is the interplay between the Constitutional Court of Russia and the courts of the Eurasian Economic Community, and later, with ones of the Eurasian Economic Union. The author also suggests a way to minimize of conflicts between supranational and national judiciaries: mutual respect and cooperation.

Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union; supranationalism; supranational courts; international courts; judicial decision; judgment; national jurisdiction; binding decisions; erga omnes.

Citation: Neshataeva T. (2016) O problemakh v deystvii resheniy organov EAES v natsional'nykh pravoporyadkakh gosydarstv-chlenov [On ambiguous effects of the EAEU bodies' decisions within national legal systems of the member states]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.3, pp.10–17. (In Russian).

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