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“Meždunarodnoe pravosudie” (International Justice) Journal

№ 2(22) 2017. Tatyana Neshataeva. The Court of the Eurasian Economic Union: from legal opinion to the effective law

Tatyana Neshataeva - Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor of Law, Judge of the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union, Minsk, Republic of Belarus.

DOI: 10.21128/2226-2059-2017-2-64-79

Abstract. The Court of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU Court) plays a significant role in strengthening Eurasian integration. This Court is a major judicial body of the Union responsible for the legal regulation of relations and the settlement of disputes both between member states and between economic and business entities. The principal operative form of the EAEU Court work is the interpretation of the law of the Union, ensuring legal uniformity and judicial control in the sphere of implementation of the legal norms. One of the main functions of the Court is formal, systemic configuration of the norms of Eurasian law in order to fill the gaps in Union law through the formulation of judicial legal opinions (judicial rules) that consolidate all types of legal regulation that are stipulated by the treaties and are reflected in common unified, coordinated and coherent policies of the EAEU. The Court interprets the norms of international treaties, the decisions of international bodies and the actions of the authorities of the member states. The Court also develops legal opinions on understanding international and supranational legal norms and implementation of these norms, and – in controversial situations – quickly and efficiently covers the existing gaps, eliminates ambiguities and uncertainty in Union law with the aim of eliminating the problematic issues in the process of current Union law enforcement and norm implementation in the member states. At the same time, the important function of the Court is construing the content of the legal act for real norm implementation by its interpretation, as well as betaking the accumulated experience contained in the special – concurring and dissenting – opinions of judges and judicial precedents in the case law of international and supranational courts.

Keywords: Court of the EAEU; international standard control; implementation of supranational norms; precedents; case law; interpretation of international norms; legal opinion; elimination of legal uncertainty.

Citation: Neshataeva T. (2017) Sud Evraziyskogo ekonomicheskogo soyuza: ot pravovoy pozitsii k deystvuyushchemu pravu [The Court of the Eurasian Economic Union: from legal opinion to the effective law]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.2, pp.64–79. (In Russian).

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