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“Meždunarodnoe pravosudie” (International Justice) Journal

№ 2(22) 2017. Ilya Shablinskiy. Discrimination of HIV-positive foreigners in Russia and the European Court of Human Rights

A commentary on ECHR judgments of January 8 and 15, 2016 (applications nos.46280/14, 75781/14, and others)

Ilya Shablinskiy - Doctor of Sciences in Law, Professor, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.

DOI: 10.21128/2226-2059-2017-2-3-16

Abstract. This article considers decisions of the European Court of Human Rights regarding the discrimination of HIV-positive foreigners in the Russian Federation in the wider context of implementing their right to respect for their private and family life. The primary cases for analysis are Shvalya v. RussiaKostycheva v. Russia, and Novruk and others v. Russia. The European Court of Human Rights decided on these three cases, which share similar fact patterns, within the same week. The applicants were discriminated against in the interest of maintaining public health. The article relays the stories of each case in detail. The European Court had already heard cases connected with the discrimination of HIV-positive persons. In particular, an important example was the ECHR’s judgment in Kiyutin v. Russia. The ideas and principles which were formulated in this judgment have shaped the material and legal basis for other decisions in similar cases, such as Shvalya v. RussiaKostycheva v. Russia, and others. One of the cornerstones of the Court’s legal reasoning was the consensus of a majority of scientists, experts, and lawyers that HIV-positive persons should not be limited in their freedom of movement and travelling because of they are not a threat for the public health. The European Court has endorsed the Russian Constitutional Court’s decision in the same case in which the Constitutional Court ruled as unconstitutional some provisions of a Russian law that limited the rights of HIV-positive persons to cross Russia’s border and live in the country.

Keywords: European Court of Human Rights; discrimination of HIV-positive foreigners; the right to respect for the private and family life; residence permission, deportation of aliens.

Citation: Shablinskiy I. (2017) Diskriminatsiya VICh-infitsirovannykh inostrantsev v Rossii: pozitsiya Evropeyskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka: Kommentariy k postanovleniyam ESPCh ot 8 i 15 marta 2016 goda (zhaloby no.46280/14, 75781/14 i drugie) [Discrimination of HIV-positive foreigners in Russia and the European Court of Human Rights: A commentary on ECtHR judgments of January 8 and 15, 2016 (applications nos.46280/14, 75781/14, and others)]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.2, pp.3–16. (In Russian).


Bolduzeva T.V. (2012) VICh-stigma: prichiny razvitiya i posledstviya v obshchestve [HIV-stigmatization: causes and consequences]. Nauchnye stremleniya, no.4, pp.5–8. (In Russian).

Kirilenko V.A. (2007) Mediko-social'naya problema SPID i obrazovannost' v ney razlichnykh grupp naseleniya [Medical and social aspects of AIDS and awareness of these in various groups of the population]. Sibirskiy meditsinskiy zhurnal (Tomsk), vol.22, no.2, pp.49–52. (In Russian).

Koroleva A.P. (2016) SPID – moral'no-eticheskie problemy obshchestva i medrabotnikov [AIDS – ethical and psychological problems in society and the medical community]. Actualscience, vol.2, no.2, pp.19–20. (In Russian).

Koss A.V., Gerasimova E.V. (2012) Ogranichenie vozmozhnosti zakonnogo prebyvaniya i prozhivaniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii inostrannykh grazhdan: problemy opredeleniya “gumanitarnykh obstojatel'stv” v zako­nodatel'stve i pravoprimenitel'noy praktike [Restriction of legal residence of foreign citizens in the Russian Federation: problems of determining the ‘humanitarian reasons' in statute law and implementation practice]. Konstitutsionnoe i municipal'noe pravo, no.12, pp.24–28. (In Russian).

Luzanova I.M., Sergeev A.I. (2011) VICh i SPID skvoz' prizmu prav cheloveka [HIV and AIDS through the prism of human rights]. Pravovye voprosy v zdravookhranenii, no.10, pp.92–97. (In Russian).

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