You are currently viewing the old version of the website.
From December 5, 2019 the website is available at: and
Follow Us

Institute for Law and Public Policy

Address: 129090, Moscow, Shchepkina str., 8

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 140, Moscow, 129090, Russia

Tel.: +7 (495) 608 6959, 608 6635; Fax: +7 (495) 608 6915

Our location
“Meždunarodnoe pravosudie” (International Justice) Journal

№ 1(21) 2017. Natalya Kravchuk. Court’s decision on the place of residence of the child: when execution is unexecutable

Natalya Kravchuk - Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) in Law; research fellow, Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Associate Professor, Russian State University of Justice, Moscow, Russia.

DOI: 10.21128/2226-2059-2017-1-96-107

Abstract. The article considers the problem of execution of national courts’ decisions determining the place of residence for the child in cases when parents are divorced and live separately. The focus is made on the analysis of the result of the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers supervision over the implementation of European Court of Human Rights judgments on the cases related to non-execution of such decisions on the national level. The attention is paid to the procedure of the implementation and the position of the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers in regard to which measures should be considered as adequate and lead to implementation of such judgments. The author comes to the conclusion that the problems which may appear in the execution are not determined by regional specifics and they do not require any changes in the law. is the solution fully depends of the effective coordination of the authorities within the framework of existing legislation and institutions? Measures of a general character undertaken by the Government of the Russian Federation within the frame of the implementation of the ECtHR judgments with regard to studied cases cannot be considered sufficient to prevent similar violations in the future. In the same time measures of the individual character on the similar cases differ dramatically which proves the absence of a systemic approach to the problem. In this context, the author notes cases when instead of adequate implementation of the initial judgment (and execution of the national court’s decision) a new decision should be delivered which allows ceasing the execution process.

Keywords: determination of the place of residence of a child; the decision of the court; implementation of the court’s decision; European Court of Human Rights; Committee of ministers of the Council of Europe; individual measures; general measures.

Citation: Kravchuk N. (2017) Reshenie suda ob opredelenii mesta zhitel'stva rebyonka: ispolnyaya neispolnimoe [Court’s decision on the place of residence of the child: executing unexecutable].Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, no.1, pp.96–107. (In Russian).


Bogdanova T. (2011) Ispolnenie resheniy suda po voprosam opredeleniya mesta zhitel'stva i vospitaniya detey pri razdel'nom prozhivanii roditeley [Execution of court’s decisions on the issues of identification of the residence place and upbringing of a child when parents live separately]. Sovremennoe pravo. no.5, pp.62–65. (In Russian).

Kravchuk N.V. (2014) Obespecheniye prava detey na polucheniye alimentov: problem i puti ikh resheniya [Guaranteeing the right of children to receive alimony: problems and ways to resolvethem], Мoscow: OOO “Delovye i yuridicheskie uslugi ‘Leks-Praksis’”. (In Russian).

Mamedova M.K. (2012) Osobennosti ispolneniya resheniy suda po delam ob opredelenii mesta zhitel'stva rebyonka [Specifics of execution of court’s decisions on the issues of identification of the place of residence of a child]. Yuridicheskiy vestnik DGU, no.2, pp.48–52. (In Russian).

Mikov P., Maslakova D. (2015) Ispolneniye resheniy suda v interesakh detey [Execution of court’s decisions in the interests of a child]. In: Zashchita prav cheloveka v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Human rights protection today], Moscow: Ot i Do, pp.168–172. (In Russian).

Nechaeva A. (2016) Pravovye problemy semeynogo vospitaniya nesover­shennoletnikh [Legal problems of family upbringing of infants], Moscow: Prospect. (In Russian).

Nikolaev A. (2011) Evropeyskaya Konventsiya o zashchite prav cheloveka i osnovnykh svobod: konstitutsionno-pravovoy mekhanizm realizatsii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii [European Convention on Human Rights and fundamental freedoms: constitutional legal mechanism of realization in Russian Federation], Moscow: APKiPPRO. (In Russian).

Sakhno D. (2011) Uklonenie roditeley ot ispolneniya resheniya suda ob opredelenii mesta zhitel'stva rebyonka [Parents elusion from execution of court’s decision on identification of the place of residence of a child]. In: Gosudarstvo i pravo: teoriya i praktika [State and law: theory and practice], Chelyabinsk: Dva komsomol'tsa, pp.161–164. (In Russian).

Serebryakova А. (2014) Ispolnenie resheniy suda po delam, svyazannym s vospitaniem detey [Execution of court’s decisions on the cases, related to the upbringing of children]. Ispolnitel'noye pravo, no.1, pp.32–36. (In Russian).

Stay in the Loop!
The Moot Court Competition on Constitutional Justice 'Crystal Themis'
The Moot Court Competition on Constitutional Justice